Creating automation systems with the help of PLC and SCADA.
An automation system is generally a combination of electrical and mechanical devices, where the mechanical devices are used to perform the actual work, and the electrical circuits guide them about the work to be done. Comparing this with the human body, your hands and feet give you the movement, and your sensory organs and your brain guides them about the work to be done, direction of movement etc. Our study module for your internship training will be based on creating automation systems with the help of PLC and SCADA. Any project is an assimilation of various streams of engineering. In our projects, we will focus on the part which the Electrical Department (including Electrical/Electronics and Instrumentation Engineers) usually take up. We will cover 5 projects in all, and will follow a certain path for completing each one of them. The projects which we will take up are: 1. Room Automation System 2. Motor Controls 3. Running of Escalator 4. Automatic Water Management in Housing Complex 5. Power Management of Common Area To create any project (in our case, an Automation System), we need to follow certain steps: 1. Planning for the system – Creation of the system draft and choosing what the process does and how it will do that. 2. Creating List of Material – Choosing the material which we are going to use in our project, along with complete details for that. 3. Budgeting – We decide our basic cost for the project 4. Layout – We design the system layout according to our conditions prevalent in the field. We will use the AutoCAD software for this. 5. System Design – We design the circuits to be used in the project. 6. PLC programming – We develop a PLC program for the project. This part will include knowledge about programming in PLC using Ladder Logic Diagrams. 7. SCADA design for the projects – We develop a SCADA design for the project. The complete process will take approximately 30 to 45 days to complete, and will challenge the learning skills of a student in the fields of Electrical and Electronics Knowledge, Project Planning, Budgeting, Cost Comparison and Time Bound Work Executions.